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Laboratory Department

Department Head
Dr. Sam Peters
MPhil, PhD

 

The Laboratory Department has an integrated, tiered referral laboratory network comprising of over 100 laboratories in Kano, Katsina, Delta, Ondo, Ogun, Osun, Plateau, Nasarawa, Kaduna, Rivers, Uyo, Cross River, Lagos, Ekiti and Benue states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). The laboratories, which receive mentoring from well-trained laboratory personnel, are established to provide appropriate laboratory capacity and quality patient support.

At the tertiary level, 24 comprehensive laboratories provide high throughput hemogram, clinical chemistry and CD4 assessment services using automated equipment platforms suitable for the settings. Eight of these provide virology services for Early Infant Diagnosis (EID) and offer viral load testing for children and adults respectively, based on an algorithm evaluated in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Health, Nigeria.

Thirty-Four laboratories at the secondary level provide patient monitoring and diagnostic capability including HIV rapid testing, hemogram, and CD4 count. At the primary level sites, laboratories are equipped to provide HIV rapid testing and hemogram and also collect/package samples for chemistry and CD4 assessment for transport to a more advanced laboratory in their network.

A Bio-safety level 3 TB culture capacity has been developed at the National TB and Leprosy Training Center in Zaria. This laboratory serves as a National Reference Center for TB culture and supports the national MDR-TB survey, GF MDR TB program and the multi-country TB Public Health Evaluation.

The Laboratory Department has an aggressive QA/QC program with specially trained laboratory staff dedicated to carrying out on-site quarterly monitoring, retraining, and overseeing a proficiency panel-testing program. It is supported by an EQA program of IHV-Baltimore.

Four training laboratories have been developed as national resources by AIDS Care and Treatment in Nigeria (ACTION) Project, now in its third phase asACTIONPlus-Up project.The four training facilities areplaced strategically in four states (FCT, Kano, Osun, and Plateau States). These laboratories are each configured with a didactic and a lab bench-training venue with standard equipment.

The National TB and Leprosy Training Centre in Zaria (Kaduna State) is supported by IHVN, and serves as a fifth training laboratory supporting the National TB and Leprosy Control Program. These laboratory training centers are used to train personnel from IHVN supported sites, FMOH, public private partners and other PEPFAR Implementing Partners.

Often optimal prevention, treatment and care are informed by research or implementation science that investigates a new concept or anecdotal observation in a scientific unbiased way. Likewise, new diagnostic tools are often evaluated for their performance within the environmental challenges in the field using a scientific unbiased protocol and tools. IHVN has compared new diagnostic tools such as the iLED microscope and showed its superiority over ZN for detection of the TB bacilli, before recommending for its use at IHVN supported sites and providing the necessary data to support its scale up and incorporation into the national guideline and policy. Similar operational research has been conducted by IHVN to justify the use of some platforms for CD4 estimation and not others; and a number of investigations are on-going to scientifically provide data to support optimal health care programs

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:: Support and Funding

The Institute of Human Virology, Nigeria AITRP Training Programmes are supported and funded by the Fogarty International Center.
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