Thursday, January 18, 2018
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Prevention Unit

Unit Head
Mercy Omozuafoh


The Prevention unithas 2 broad areas; Sexualand Biomedical Prevention. Sexual Prevention comprises of Condom & Other Prevention (C & OP), Abstinence &Be- faithful (AB) while the Biomedical component is Safe Injection and HIV Testing & Counseling (HTC)

1. Sexual Prevention

  • The Condom and Other Prevention (C & OP) program ofInstitute of Human Virology Nigeria (IHVN) targets Key populations including Female Sex Workers (FSW), Men who have Sex with Men (MSM), other vulnerable populations such asLong Distance Truck Drivers,Out of School Youths (male and female). Prevention packages of peer education, STI syndromic management, HIV Counseling & Testing (HCT), condom messaging and distribution are key deliverables.This intervention aims at mitigating the menace of HIV/AIDS, particularly in trying to prevent new infection as enshrined in the National Prevention Plan thereby contributing to the national response. The Institute utilizes the Minimum Prevention Package Intervention (MPPI) in service provision bycollaborating with local NGOs namely; CERPHEC in Delta, C -CHLeAAand SCC in Ogun, CRH and ICARH in the FCTfor the implementation of community level based intervention. C&OP hasrecorded tremendous successesas our clients now seek early treatment for sexually-transmitted infections and notify and bring their partners for services,there is increased condom use, reduction in number of concurrent sexual partners andreduced incidences of STIs and cases of unwanted pregnancies
  • Abstinence and Be- faithful(AB) program promotes primary/secondary abstinence or mutual fidelity among youths aged 15 – 24 in tertiary institutions through multiples of AB messages also applying the MPPI. Reinforced balanced Abstinence, Be faithful Condom intervention also targets youths in community organizations with emphasis on Girls Brigade and young girls of Islamic faith to provide prevention services of community awareness campaigns, peer education, drama and Focus Group Discussions (FGD).This complementsthe school based approach intervention and empowersyouths to make the decision to practice primary or secondary abstinence or mutual fidelity. Such targeted intervention results in delayed sexual debut and reduced incidences of teenage and unwanted pregnancies. IHVN is currently working through 2 implementing partners: Faith Based AIDS Awareness Initiative (FBAAI); an inter-faith Non-governmental organization made up of Christians and Muslims and NASFAT Health & HIV/AIDS Initiative (NASHHIN) a core Muslim group. These 2 NGOs implement a faith-based HIV/AIDS educational program with Abstinence and Be faithful as core messages

2. Biomedical Prevention

  • HIV Testing and Counseling (HTC) serves as the entry point to prevention, treatment, care and support programs offering individuals the opportunity to know their HIV status. It utilizes strategic models of service provision such as stand -alone, mobile and integration into Health facility for achieving set targets in the ten IHVN supported states and the FCT. Provider Initiated Testing and Counseling (PITC) occur at multiple points of service for couples, pediatrics and adolescents in facilities.These multiple points of service include counseling &testing setting, TB setting, PMTCT/EID setting; while the mobile testing targets the general and key populations particularly those in hard-to-reach communities. Demand creation for HCT among the populace and Mobile HCT services provides the greatest opportunity for people to know their status and this has continued to record huge success for the program. Individuals who test positive to HIV are linked to care and treatment while the negative ones are referred appropriately to blood bank centers for blood donation and to community prevention services. Home based testing and counseling services is also provided by trained Community Home Based Care teams to families and friends of the index PLHIV clients.
  • The biomedical component also consists of safe injection practices or as it is popularly called "DO NO HARM" to the health care worker, the patient and the community. Its main goal is to mitigate the spread of new HIV infection and other blood borne pathogens such as HBV/HCV through continuous capacity building of health care workers and the supply of technologically approved safe injection commodities. Safe infection practices are aimed at infection prevention and control through the application of Universal Standard Precautions while caring for patients. The Institutehas contributed immensely towards achieving the set goal through numerous trainings and re-training of health care workers in all ACTIONPLUS UP supported facilities thus contributing to the National Infection Prevention goal of the country.Significant contribution has been made also in the area of health care waste management. The Institute has supported procurement and instillation of low temperature incinerators in nineteen (19) supported health facilities across the country. This ensures that health care wastes are effectively managed thus preventing accidental occupational exposures of sharps in work places. The program has also supported establishment of functional infection prevention and control committees in supported facilities, produced and supplied post exposure registers which have been adapted by the national program. It alsoensuresthat all PEP drugs including stat packs are made available and accessible at all times for exposed individuals.

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